* Introduction

* Pre-Birth Mother Care

* Birth

* Bringing your New Baby Home

* Inoculations

* Feeding your    Baby

* Drugs

* Diapers

* Washing

* Clothes

* Sickness

* Babysitters

* Friends

* Walking

* Watching

* Playing,    Reading &    Teaching

* Toys

* Jewelry

* Smoking

* Body Parts

* Singing

* Pictures

* After Birth    Mother Care

* Mosquito    Spray and    Coils

* Fans

* Kids and    Animals

* Sanitation &    Cleaning

* Girls and Boys

Feeding your Baby

   Feeding your baby properly is very important for your baby's health, happiness, and ability to learn.

   Your baby needs the right food, in the right amount at the right time.

   Also, the baby's feeding needs change as he or she gets older.

   When the baby is first born, he or she is going to be hungry very soon. For the year, the best food for a baby is breast milk. After 4 month old, they can usually start to eat solid foods as well. If this is not possible, a commercial milk powder is the only other option. Do not feed your baby cow's milk until they are more than one year old. Babies drink as much milk as they need, so it is difficult to overfeed them, unless using the powdered milk. Do not try to force a baby to eat more than she wants.

   Breastfeeding a baby, using her mother's milk, is usually better than using the powdered milk. However, breastfeeding may not always be the best option. Many times the mother does not produce enough milk. If the mother is sick or not available, powdered milk must be used.

   Many foods and medicines that a mother uses, can be passed on to the baby. This can be dangerous, and sometimes fatal. A mother feeding her baby breast milk should avoid caffeine and alcohol, as this can pass through to the baby. If you use either of these, wait for a day to breastfeed your baby.

   When a mother takes medicines, and then breastfeeds her baby, this can be very dangerous. You must check, and double check that the medicine does not pass through the mother's body to the breast milk. If you're not sure, bottle feed your baby until you stop taking the medicine, and then wait a couple days more.

   For the first 4 months, a baby should only drink milk, and when they are 3 or 4 months old, can start drinking properly prepared water.

   If you use the milk powder incorrectly, you can over or underfeed a baby.

   There is always detailed information on the milk powder can, usually in Khmer and English on the proper way to use the milk powder. Follow these instructions.

*Using too much or too little milk powder, not sterilizing the bottles properly, or leaving the milk out for too long before using it can all cause problems, both sickness and under or over fed babies.

* Also, do not use the powdered milk after it's expiration date, and do not use the powdered milk after the can has been opened for more than one month.

* Make sure you are using uncontaminated water with the milk powder and boil it properly.

* Make sure the bottles are properly sterilized, as instructed on the baby milk powder can.

* Do not use baby powder milk if it has been prepared for more than one hour unless....

* You can refrigerate baby milk for up one day to keep it fresh.

* If your baby throws up while eating, or shortly after, this is usually normal. They should not throw up after every meal.

* After you baby is 3 months old, you should start to give them some water. Do not give them too much, as this replaces the milk. Make sure the water is properly boiled, and cooled.

* Never give your baby hot foods.

* Never give a baby honey or sweet foods, until they are at least one year old. Fruit juices, (not citrus fruit), and sweet fruits and vegetables are an exception

   When your baby is between 4 and 6 months old, you can start feeding her solid foods. The foods must be carefully prepared.

   You should sit your baby down, hold her head if necessary, and use a very small spoon. Start with rice soup. All the solid foods should be very soft, to prevent choking. Do not use any food that needs to be chewed to break it down (like bread). Do not use sweet food, or salted food. You can start feeding your baby fruit juices, in small quantities, but do not use citrus (orange) juice. Use a small cup to feed the juice instead of a baby bottle. Never let a baby drink anything with alcohol or caffeine in it.

   It's best to stick with the rice soup until the baby is 5 or 6 months old. Do not add any sugar, salt, or other foods or seasonings.

   You should only feed your baby solid food 1 or 2 times a day at this point.

   By now, your baby has started putting everything she can in her mouth. You need to be very careful that you do not let her put anything in her mouth that can be swallowed and cause choking. Pieces of paper, bugs, buttons, those little rubber bands you tie her hair with, can all kill her. Also, bigger toys and stuffed animals may have small parts, or material that can come loose and be swallowed by a baby.

   If your baby is choking, pick her up and hit her on the back to try to force the food or object out. If this works, give her some milk or juice afterward. If this does not work, seek help immediately.

   Starting at 6 to 8 months, feed your baby a different food every three days, and watch their reaction. Babies may be allergic to certain foods, so remember what food you gave them if they get sick after eating a new food. If the baby gets sick after eating a new food, wait a few weeks and try the same food again, but in a much smaller amount, and see if it makes her sick.

   The foods you give your baby should be eaten right after it is cooked, and then cooled down. If you are using a fresh fruit or vegetable, make sure it is fresh and clean and does not have any chunks in it that could cause choking. You can refrigerate freshly prepared foods for up to 2 days. Make sure the food is tightly covered or wrapped. Some foods, like rice soup, if you store it for up to 2 days, you may want to boil it before feeding your baby.    

   Vegetables should be strained, pureed, or mashed, and soft fruits should be mashed. After a month of feeding your baby fruits and vegetables, you can start trying other foods.

   Mashed and cooked beans, strained meats, and finely chopped and cooked fish and chicken. Remember, no bones.

   Your baby should be growing teeth sometime between 4 and 8 months. Some babies are born with teeth, and some don't get teeth until they are a year old. It doesn't really help to chew food until all the baby's teeth have grown in, so don't think a few teeth means that a baby can eat the same foods as an adult.

   Between 8 and 10 months, you can start feeding your baby egg yolks that are cooked and mashed, small pieces of soft fresh fruit (if they have at least 12 teeth), small pieces of cooked vegetables, (again, if they have more than 12 teeth), and if they have teeth, small pieces of cooked meat, no bones, that are not tough or chewy.

   You should start feeding your baby solid foods 2 or 3 times a day at this point.

   By 10 to 12 months, your baby should be able to eat most soft foods. She should be eating solid food 3 times a day, and drinking 2 or 3 150ml bottles of milk powder, some water, or fruit juice, if not breastfeeding. You should vary the food between meals. You still need to be careful of your baby choking.